Electricity is all around you in the home and outside, so it is necessary to be careful. For this, you should be aware of electricity hazard, and safety tips both to protect yourself as well as people around you. Most of the people think that they use all the safety measures why some of the issues are still coming ahead to their way. It is because they are not aware of all the hazards and safety tips. Don’t worry! This post will describe the same. Have a look over below mentioned information:
Electricity Hazards or Dangers
Electric shock is a most common electric danger. It happens when there is a flow of electricity through the body. It usually caused when a person comes into the contact of poorly insulated wires or ungrounded electrical equipment. It lowers the body temperature. Severity and effects of it depends upon the amount and duration of current passes through the body. This jarring or startling sensation may leads to paralyses or even death. Burns may also occur when current enters and leaves the body.
- Short circuiting
Short circuiting is caused by overheating of wires. It can be caused by sudden draw of amperage. Short circuiting if remains more time can lead to common electric mishap that is fire.
An electric spark is caused by static electricity that happens when two object with different electric charge rub together. An insecure flow of electricity or friction between two substances also causes the same. In addition rapid combustion can also lead to an electric spark.
Electric fire can cause due to sudden increase in voltage that will cause to short circuiting first and then fire. Most of the times it is caused by faulty electrical outlets and old or outdated appliances. Other reasons are space heaters, misuse of extension cords, light fixtures, lamps, light bulbs when installed with high wattage, and outdated wiring.
Major causes of voltage fluctuation are large equipment start-up or shut down, sudden change in load, improper wiring or grounding, utility protection devices. This can lead to damage the electric devices or equipments. Various devices like servo stabilizers, variable transformers are there to control the voltage fluctuation problem.
After the hazards, electric safety tips have been mentioned below. The tips and rules will help you to avoid electric mishaps:
Plug and outlet safety
- Install GFCI’s (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters) in your bathroom, laundry rooms, kitchen, and other areas where moisture remains high.
- Test this GFCI’s after a regular interval of time.
- Don’t try to overload electric outlets by plugging in too many plugs.
- Immediately replace any broken switch plate
Safety of electric products or appliances you use
- Check all electric appliances you use at your home or outside.
- Purchase only those which have been marked with international standards made to meet electrical safety requirements.
- Plug out the wire when these appliances are not in use.
- Read the instructions and safety before you use any of the appliances for the first time. These tips and instructions are come along with every appliance.
- Always check the wires and cover with insulated tape them if you find any broken and damaged wire.
- Touch your appliances or any other electric item like plug or socket with dry hands. Remember a combination of liquid and electricity can lead to serious electricity hazard.
- Don’t use any electric item outside when it is raining.
- Don’t keep any flammable product or liquid near to electric equipment especially when they are in use. It is because any minor spark may lead to major accident.
Safety with Light Fixtures
- Never exceed the recommended wattage. Right bulb should be placed in right fixture.
- Always hire a licensed electrician to carry out any kind of repair.
Safety with Extension cords
- Third prong should never be removed as it prevents from the shocks.
- Throw out frayed, squished, frayed cords to minimize the chances of electric mishaps.
- Keep the extension cords away from water and heat. Even a little moisture can lead to electric shocks.
- Always use special extension cords for the appliances like air conditioners, heaters, microwave ovens, and geysers etc. that require high voltage.
Author’s Bio- Hariom Balhara is a professional writer with ten years experience. He is expert in writing on vaiac, electric safety tips and automatic voltage regulators.
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